Individual State Reports
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The State Educational Technology Directors Association is pleased to release its third annual Trends Report on educational technology. In addition to reporting trends on the third round (FY 04) of the No Child Left Behind, Title II, Part D, Enhancing Education Through Technology (EETT) program, the 2006 report also includes general state policy trends in educational technology.
The findings in the 2006 report are based on surveys from 50 states and the District of Columbia, representing 15,997 LEAs and the federal NCLB II D dollars allocated across the United States in 2004-2005. Data from the first two annual National Reports for Rounds 1 and 2 serve as a baseline.
Those first two reports represented a similar population (46 states and the District of Columbia for Round 1 and 49 states plus the District of Columbia for Round 2). In Round 3 the respondent states and the District of Columbia awarded 1,630 competitive grants and 13,667 formula grants. Together with the 5% of administrative support funds expended at the state level, the total funding was $635,027,468.
Seven trends were reported across the first three years of the NCLB II D program.
Finding 1: Promising Interim Results at 3-Year Mark Warrant Continued Investment
States have been targeting NCLB II D funds on the three program goals: increasing student achievement, closing the digital divide, and integrating research-based technology practices into learning.
Finding 2: States Have Set the Bar High for Professional Development
With the states exceeding the required 25% of NCLB II D funding mandated for professional development, over $159 million was dedicated to building the capacity of teachers to use technology effectively. Many states established criteria for professional development that have been met by LEA grantees.
Finding 3: States Are Leveraging Resources through Collaborations and Partnerships
The states are leveraging resources across federal, state, local private and public
funding to advance NCLB goals.
Finding 4: The Large Volume of Small Formula Grants Diminishes Overall Impact
As noted in the first and second Trends report, approximately 48% of the formula grants are under $5,000. That means that less than 4% of the funds require almost 50% of the administrative support for formula grants. Grants that small have very little impact on the advancement of the NCLB goals.
Finding 5: States Are Grappling with Evaluation and Impact Research
With few funds available at the state level for evaluation and research, states are grappling with the challenge of conducting high-quality evaluations of their NCLB programs. Most are requiring that LEA grantees conduct local evaluations and many are building the capacity of LEAs to do so. In addition, nearly 25% of the states are funding or commissioning research studies on the impact of educational technology on learning in schools.
Finding 6: Through Leadership, a Knowledge Base Is Emerging
State directors are beginning to develop wide-scale efforts to establish a common knowledge base of sound research practices or to conduct research studies that will establish that common knowledge base for technology-enriched programs.
Finding 7: In Many States, NCLB II D is the Only Source of Funding for Technology
The following states report that NCLB II D is the only source of funding in their state for educational technology: Arizona, California, Delaware, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin